Cats use a variety of vocalizations to communicate, including meows, purrs, hisses, and growls.
Cats use their body language to communicate their feelings and intentions. Examples include arching their back when feeling threatened or rubbing against their owners to show affection.
A cat's tail position can also convey their mood, with an upright or twitching tail indicating excitement or happiness and a lowered or fluffed tail indicating fear or aggression.
Cats often purr when they're content, but they can also purr when they're anxious or in pain.
Cats primarily meow to communicate with humans, often using different tones and pitches to convey different messages.
Hissing is a sign of aggression and is often used by cats to warn off perceived threats.
Growling is another sign of aggression and can indicate that a cat feels threatened or territorial.
A cat's ear position can also indicate their mood, with ears flattened back indicating fear or aggression and perked-up ears indicating alertness or curiosity.
Cats use eye contact to communicate, with direct eye contact indicating trust and affection and averted gaze indicating fear or submission.
A cat's body posture can communicate their mood, with relaxed and open body language indicating comfort and confidence and tense or closed body language indicating fear or aggression.